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History 1

By George Grote

Extensively stated because the so much authoritative examine of old Greece, George Grote's twelve-volume paintings, began in 1846, proven the form of Greek historical past which nonetheless prevails in textbooks and renowned bills of the traditional global this present day. Grote employs direct and transparent language to take the reader from the earliest instances of mythical Greece to the dying of Alexander and his new release, drawing upon epic poetry and legend, and reading the expansion and decline of the Athenian democracy. The paintings offers factors of Greek political constitutions and philosophy, and interwoven all through are the real yet outlying adventures of the Sicilian and Italian Greeks. quantity eleven maintains the heritage of Sicily right down to the day trip of Timoleon in 344 BCE, after which returns to Greece and describes the increase of Philip of Macedon; the ebook concludes with Philip's demise in 336 BCE.

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Extra info for A History of Greece, Volume 11 of 12, originally published in 1853

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Diodor. xiv. 96. 12 HISTORY OF GREECE. [PART II. colony of the Hellenic race1. The neighbouring Grecian establishments of Neapolis and Diksearchia seem also to have come, like Cumse, under tribute and dominion to the Campanian Samnites, and thus became partially dis-hellenised2. These Campanians, of Samnite race, have been frequently mentioned in the two preceding chapters, as employed on mercenary service both in the armies of the Carthaginians, and in those of Dionysius3. But the great migration of this warlike race was farther to the south-east, down the line of the Apennines towards the Tarentine Gulf and the Sicilian strait.

Confused and disheartened by finding that Heloris was slain, which left them without a general to direct the battle or restore order, the Italiots fought 1 Diodor. xiv. 103. Polybius (i. 6) gives us the true name of this river: Diodorus calls it the river HeKris. 2 CHAP. ] VICTORY OF DIONYSIUS. 21 for some time against Dionysius, but were at length defeated with severe loss. They effected their retreat from thefieldof battle to a neighbouring eminence, very difficult to attack, yet destitute of water and provisions.

We are told that he was greatly embarrassed by his mercenaries ; who, having been for some time without pay, manifested such angry discontent as to threaten his downfall. Dionysius seized the person of their commander, the Spartan Aristoteles: upon which the soldiers mutinied and flocked in arms round his residence, CHAP. ] DISCONTENT OF THE MERCENARIES. 3 demanding in fierce terms both the liberty of their commander and the payment of their arrears. Of these demands, Dionysius eluded the first by saying that he would send away Aristoteles to Sparta, to be tried and dealt with among his own countrymen : as to the second, he pacified the soldiers by assigning to them, in exchange for their pay, the town and territory of Leontini.

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