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By Edwin Gerow
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Additional info for A History of Indian Literature - Vol. V: Scientific and Technical Literature (Part II) - Fasc. 3: Indian Poetics
254 E. Gerow • Indian Poetics language and different from other recognized functions (vrttis) (chapter I); 145 the rasa is linked to poetic diction via a meticulously worked out set of examples that show the rasa expressively functional in every discrete stratum of linguistic analysis, from phoneme (varna) to argument (oratio, prabandha) (chapter III). The important, if understated, points in this expose, are two: the rasa is in all language universally, and not merely in terms of the speaker's intention or the hearer's wit; and also, that the rasa, unlike any other postulated expressive content (artha), runs through the entire gamut of linguistic discreteness: unlike "intention" (tdtparya) it may be determined in a single phoneme (though the examples really involve morpheme ambiguity, as the -au is the locative singular ending of both i- and u- stem nouns); unlike "denotation" (abhidhd) it may be determined in strings of propositions (mahdvdkya, or prabandha)—finessing even the Prabhakara view that a single vdkya is prior in understanding to its component "words".
266-356. 12 9 Op. cit. p. 293. ). 1 31 Op. cit. 6,38; p. 294. 127 250 E. 132 In the dramatic context, the ultimate rationale for the use of such and such a poetic verse is in the rasa of the play; but from the point of view of the verse, abstracted from the play (and many verses were not written in the context of a play at all) the critical concerns of image-analysis predominate (how the verse conveys its poetic meaning) and the rasa-element, if accounted at all, is necessarily reduced to a subordinate position, for the rasa is not the end of (verbal) utterance (as such).
Baroda, 1, p. 245. After the Dhvanyaloka 259 at identifying in grammatical and logical terms that dimension of language Jfchat makes figuration possible (Mahima, Kuntaka). Though the dhvani as a function is not universally accepted by this group, all the writers confront the issue of grammatical or syntactic function (vrtti) and attempt to define "poetry" in non-emotional (rasa) terms. (b) The neo-rasa psychologists. §aradatanaya, Rupagosvamin and others who recognize poetry as a kind of meaning carrier with a unique effect on the receptive mind (sahrdaya).