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Europe

By Jeremy Black

During this radical reassessment, Jeremy Black demanding situations some of the proven assumptions concerning the so-called army Revolution of 1560- 1660. He argues that it really is faraway from transparent army revolution did take place in this interval. certainly there's extra proof to indicate that the outline should be utilized extra safely to the subsequent hundred years. This booklet additionally re-examines the connection among army power and household balance. instead of seeing the latter because the outcome of the previous, Dr Black argues that it makes extra feel to work out the previous a result of latter.

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Additional resources for A Military Revolution?: Military Change and European Society 1550–1800

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The difficulties created by short-ranged weapons, which had a low rate of fire and had to be resighted for each individual shot, were exacerbated by problems associated with poor sights, eccentric bullets, heavy musket droops, recoil, overheating and misfiring in wet weather. As guns were smooth bore and there was no rifting, or grooves, in the barrel the speed of the shot was not high and its direction was uncertain [68]. 4 millimetres, their length varied by up to 8 centimetres. Non-standardised manufacture and wide clearances meant that the ball could roll out if the barrel was pointed towards the ground, while at best the weapon was difficult to aim or hold steady [73].

C. 46, 51). Those armies which lived off the land had to forage to a very considerable extent. Where a system of contributions had been arranged, by which intimidated areas provided supplies to prevent forcible foraging, troop dispositions had to maintain the basis offear. Both supply trains and foraging necessitated the detaching of large numbers of troops for protection. Aside from the military consequences, it was commonly the case that forces in the field received inadequate supplies. Insufficient food could lead to 37 mutinous behaviour while poor-quality food affected performance to an extent that the available records leave unclear.

After the thaw, roads and the land in general were usually reasonably firm until autumnal rains made routes impassable and filled siegeworks with water. Supplies were more plentiful 40 in the late summer, when the harvest had been gathered in, one diplomat writing in May 1747 ofthe prospect of Frederick II 'attacking Bohemia or his other neighbours, when the forage is upon the ground, and the granaries full'. If troops slept in the field with little or no cover, winter operations could cause major losses through death and desertion.

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